• Hysteroscopic


    Hysteroscopic How is Diagnostic Hysteroscopy done? Unless a woman has major medical problems, we attach a video camera to the hysteroscopy, so our patient can also see, and then insert the hysteroscopy into the uterus under direct vision while using either saline to fill the uterus. We then can look for fibroids, polyps, and other problems that may be causing bleeding. This often takes about a minute or two. The hysteroscope is removed. A small

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  • Male Factor Infertility

    Male Factor Infertility Male Infertility Infertility is a condition that affects approximately one out of every six couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple who is unsuccessful with their attempts to get pregnant over the course of one year. When the problem exists within the male partner, it is referred to as male infertility. Male infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and male infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third

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  • Female Infertility

    FEMALE INFERTILITY Infertility is a condition that affects approximately one out of every six couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple who is unsuccessful with their attempts to get pregnant over the course of one year. When the problem exists within the female partner, it is referred to as female infertility. Female infertility factors contribute to approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and female infertility alone accounts for approximately one-third of all infertility

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  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

    How many women have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)? An estimated five to 10 percent of women of childbearing age have PCOS. What causes Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)? No one knows the exact cause of PCOS. Women with PCOS frequently have a mother or sister with PCOS. But there is not yet enough evidence to say there is a genetic link to this disorder. Many women with PCOS have a weight problem. So researchers are looking

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  • Abnormal Pap Smears

    Abnormal Pap Smears What is a Colposcopy? Coloposcopy is a diagnostic tool to determine the cause of abnormalities found in Pap smears. A Colposcopy is a visual examination of the cervix; it's a relatively simple and painless procedure, usually performed in your physician's office and lasting approximately 10- 15 minutes. A Colposcopy seems much like a Pap smear; however, there a few important differences. You are positioned on the examination table as in a Pap

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  • D&C Procedure after a Miscarriage

    D&C Procedure after a Miscarriage What is a D&C Procedure? D&C, also known as dilation and curettage, is a surgical procedure often performed after a first trimester miscarriage. Dilation means to open up the cervix; curettage means to remove the contents of the uterus. Curettage may be performed by scraping the uterine wall with a curette instrument or by a suction curettage (also called vacuum aspiration), using a vacuum-type instrument. Is a D&C necessary after

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  • Maternity Gymnastics

    Maternity Gymnastics What are the benefits of Maternity Gymnastics? Pregnant women who perform Maternity Gymnastics often find they have an easier birth. Strengthening these muscles during pregnancy can help you develop the ability to control your muscles during labor and delivery. Toning all of these muscles will also minimize two common problems during pregnancy: bladder leaks and hemorrhoids. Maternity Gymnastics are also recommended after pregnancy to promote perineal healing, regain bladder control, and strengthen pelvic

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  • After a Miscarriage

    After a Miscarriage: Getting Pregnant Again After a miscarriage, making the decision to try for another pregnancy can be difficult. It is natural to want to become pregnant again right away after going through the heartache of losing a baby. However, you should wait to attempt again until you are physically, as well as emotionally ready. When can I attempt another pregnancy? There is no perfect amount of time to wait before trying to conceive

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  • Assisted Delivery

    Assisted Delivery Near the end of the pushing stage, it may be apparent that mother and baby need a little extra help for a successful delivery. After ensuring anesthesia is working, your health care provider will gently apply forceps or minimal suction to the baby's head. As you push through the next contractions, your health care provider will gently bring the baby's head through the birth canal. What are the instruments used in an assisted

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  • Complication during Preganancy

    Complication during preganancy 1. Bacterial Vaginosis during Pregnancy Approximately 10% - 30% of pregnant women will experience Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) during their pregnancy. Bacterial Vaginosis is caused by an imbalance in the normal bacteria that exists in a woman’s vagina. It is not transmitted sexually, but is associated with having vaginal intercourse. You may or may not experience symptoms. How do I know if I have Bacterial Vaginosis? One of the symptoms of BV is a

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  • Ectopic Pregnancy

    Ectopic Pregnancy What causes an ectopic pregnancy? Ectopic pregnancies are caused by one or more of the following: An infection or inflammation of the fallopian tube can cause it to become partially or entirely blocked. Scar tissue left behind from a previous infection or an operation on the tube may also impede the egg's movement. Previous surgery in the pelvic area or on the tubes can cause adhesions. An abnormality in the tube's shape can

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  • Laparoscopy

    Laparoscopy What is laparoscopy used for in women ? This procedure allows us to determine whether there are any defects such as scar tissue, endometriosis, fibroid tumors and other abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. If any defects are found then we can often be corrected with operative laparoscopy which involves placing instruments through ports in the scope and through additional, narrow (5 mm) ports which are usually inserted at the top of the

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  • Molar Pregnancy

    Molar Pregnancy What is a complete molar pregnancy? Complete molar pregnancies have only placental parts (there is no baby), and form when the sperm fertilizes an empty egg. Because the egg is empty, no baby is formed. The placenta grows and produces the pregnancy hormone, hCG. Unfortunately, an ultrasound will show that there is no fetus, only a placenta. What is a partial molar pregnancy? Partial Mole occurs when the mass contains both the abnormal

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  • Myoma Surgery

    OPERASI MYOMA What is a laparoscopic myomectomy? Fibroids that are attached to the outside of the uterus by a stalk (pedunculated myomas) are the easiest to remove laparoscopically. Many subserous myomas (close to the outer surface) can also be removed through the laparoscope. Fibroids that are deep in the wall of the uterus, or submucous are most difficult to remove laparoscopically. Although there have been successful pregnancies after laparoscopic removal of deep or multiple myomas,

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  • Ovarian Cysts

    Ovarian Cysts What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts? Many women have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms. Sometimes, though, a cyst will cause these problems: pressure, fullness, or pain in the abdomen dull ache in the lower back and thighs problems passing urine completely pain during sexual intercourse

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This is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health. The most relevant information about cysts.

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